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Name: Judy C.
Status: Educator
Age: 40s
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Date: N/A 

What is the effect on humans that take human growth horomones?

Human growth hormone is secreted from the anterior pituitary gland and is active throughout life, but highly so during childhood and adolescence. It has numerous effects; it causes cells to grow by directly increasing the number of amino acids that enter cells, stimulating protein anabolism, and decreases protein catabolism. It also stimulates lipolysis (breakdown of fat) to produce ATP, or energy. It also increases glucose utilization by cells and accelerates the breakdown of glycogen stored in the liver into glucose. So in general, it makes energy and building blocks available for growth. It stimulates the growth of long bones and muscle development.

Some people want to give extra hGH to children that are of normal height to allow them to grow taller perhaps to make them better at a certain sport. Studies done on elderly men show that hGH has an anti-aging effect by making slowing the degeration of these tissues. However, after the long bones have closed, making them unable to grow any longer, hGH causes excess bone deposition (spurs, and thickening of hands, feet, cheeks, jaw, etc.) skin thickening and muscle hypertrophy. It also can cause high blood sugar and over stimulation of the islet cells in the pancreas, which can cause a condition called "beta-cell burnout" which can have a diabetogenic effect, or mimicking diabetes mellitus. Excess hGH in adulthood may have some initial anti aging effects but the long term side effects are not worth it.

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