Name: Mark H.
Date: September 2004
How is energy stored and released by ATP? How is this
energy translated into biological operations?
The energy stored in the excited electron pair comprising the covalent phosphodiester
bonds of ATP is released when the bonds are cleaved and then this energy can be used to
drive virtually any of the synthetic (uphill) chemical reactions in the cell, for
example DNA and RNA synthesis, protein synthesis and in the case of photosynthetic
plant cells, glucose synthesis from co2 and water.
Regards, Ron Baker, Ph.D.
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