Country: United States
Date: November 2006
How does mitochondrial DNA function and what role does it
have in human physiology?
Mitochondrial DNA codes for the synthesis of approximately a dozen proteins
that make up the structure and enzymes in mitochodria, but most of the
mitochondrial proteins are coded for by nuclear genes. Mitochondrial DNA
also codes for some of the RNA found in mitochondrial ribosomes and some
Ron Baker, Ph.D.
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Update: June 2012