Bacteria and RNA, DNA
Location: Outside U.S.
RNA vs DNA which one is more abundant (in E.coli), RNA or DNA?
I am only speculating, but I would guess RNA (including rRNA)
outweighs DNA because ribosomes are abundant, and copies of RNA are
constantly being made for transcription and translation, whereas DNA
is not being copied as frequently. The numbers depend on the stage of
growth, but I'm not sure it would affect the overall answer.
I found a reference to this information
although I cannot confirm/verify its accuracy because I don't have
access to the text:
Nucleic acid content of E. coli
DNA per cell: 3-4% of dry weight
Total RNA per cell: 10-20% of dry weight (20 in exponential, mostly
Protein per cell: 50% of dry weight
(Chapter by S.E. Luria, in The Bacteria; Gunsalus, I.C., Stanier,
R.Y., Eds. Academic Press: New York, 1960, Vol. 1)
This is consistent with my speculation -- but that doesn't make it correct. ;)
Another publication found ~25% RNA mass, but this included protein, so
it is an overestimate.
(Tissieres et al, Ribonucleoprotein Particles from Escherichia coli J.
Mol. Biol. (1959) 1, 221-233.)
Hopefully another AAS volunteer will respond with more definitive
information, but perhaps this will help in the interim,
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Update: June 2012