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Name:  Robert S.
Status:  educator
Age:  20s
Location: N/A
Country: N/A
Date: 2000-2001

If i am in a parked car with the windows rolled up, and there is a fly hovering in the air next to me, if the car accelerates rapidly from rest, is it possible that the fly will hit the rear window? or will it continue to hover next to me as the car accelerates?

It would depend if your windows are rolled up or not, If the windows are rolled up then the fly would continue to hover next to you, because when you accelerate all the air in the car with you would also accelerate, this would be a single reference frame. If the windows were down or you would have a convertible with the top down and a rear windscreen and accelerated it would be possible to catch the fly in the rear windscreen because the air next to your head would remain in place as the car moved, although the fly would probably start flying to avoid the upcoming object.

Michael Baldwin

If the inside of the car contains a vacuum the fly will hit the back window. Otherwise this motion will be affected by the fluid friction of the air. The lighter the fly, the more this effect. Try it by throwing a ball in the air when accelerating.

Larry Krengel

Since the air moves with the car the fly will also, though its inertia may cause it to move somewhat relative to you. You could try this experiment with a helium filled balloon in the car. Weight it down to the point where it is just bouyant and drive around while a passenger observes it.

Greg Bradburn

In most cases, the fly will hit the rear window. For the fly to move with the car, something must push the fly. The fly must experience just as much acceleration as the car. The air being pushed forward by the rear window will provide a noticeable force on the fly, but not enough to cause a rapid acceleration. The fly would have to flap its wings so as to accelerate forward. While hovering, the fly is flapping its wings so as to have no acceleration. This same motion would be enough to hover in a fast-moving vehicle, so long as the fly does not have to accelerate or overcome a wind. In this situation, the fly has to accelerate rapidly.

Kenneth Mellendorf

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