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Name:  Wentao J.
Status:  student
Age:  20s
Location: N/A
Country: N/A
Date: 2000-2001

In semiconductor devices such as a laser diodes, how can the semiconductor's bandgap influence the wavelength of the laser emitted? Why it is said that the larger the bandgap the bluer the laser?

The bandgap affects the energy loss of the electron emitting the light. A larger bandgap means the electron releases a more energetic photon of light. Higher frequency/shorter wavelength photons of light are higher energy photons. Energy of a photon is proportional to its frequency.

Kenneth Mellendorf

The bandgap is the amount of energy required to raise a valence band electron into the conduction band. Conversely, it is the minimum amount of energy released when an electron moves directly from the conduction band to the valence band. In lasers it is the minimum energy in the photon produced. Thus the larger the bandgap, the more energy in the photons emitted. Since there is an inverse relationship between energy and wavelength this means a smaller (shorter) wavelength which shifts the emission spectrum towards the blue.

Greg Bradburn

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