Black Hole Temperature
From what I have read about black holes, they are believed
to be very hot. However, from what I know about temperature it is a
measure of internal kinetic energy. I also know that the hotter an
atom gets the more the electrons move. Therefore I do not understand
how a black hole can be "hot". If all of the subatomic particles are
completely condensed there would be no room for the electrons to
move around. Sort of like a subatomic particle gridlock. I would
agree that black holes have tremendous amounts of potential energy.
With all of that mass, E=MC^2 would prove it would have a lot of
energy. Another definition of temperature I have learned is that it
is a measurement of how much energy an object gives off. Which once
again conflicts with what I have learned about black holes. I
thought the only thing that escapes a black hole is Hawking
radiation, which happens at the event horizon not the black hole
itself. Thank you for your time. I am looking forward to hearing
your thoughts on black hole temperature.
There are two kinds of motion. One is the more easy-to-see motion that
takes something from one place to another. This motion is often quite
organized, sometimes even a straight line. This is not the motion that
corresponds to temperature. The other kind is vibration. This is
usually quite random. This is the motion that temperature represents.
Although particles in a black hole are quite close together, they still
vibrate. The particles do not actually touch. Even in an atomic
nucleus, the protons and neutrons do not touch. They bounce and shiver
around. The energy that would have been in the orbits of the electrons
is now in the vibrations of all the particles. There can even be some
vibrations in the entire star. This would be like hitting a water
balloon and seeing the balloon change shape over and over. Vibrations
like this can also occur.
Dr. Ken Mellendorf
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Update: June 2012