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Name: Ted
Status: student
Grade: 9-12
Location: Outside U.S.
Country: USA
Date: Spring 2012

Since all elements in the Periodic Table of Elements have electrically charged electrons in orbital motion, and thus creating magnetism, do all solids, liquids and gas have a unifying electric magnetic commonality?

Hi Ted,

In short, yes, but perhaps not as you were considering.

Electrons have a probability of occupying space, the wave functions are predictable and are not necessarily in an orbit. Movement of an electrical charge generates a magnetic field but if the fields generated are in random flow, the moment and dipole may be local only. Or they may be interacting in countercurrent with the nearest wave function and therefore be cancelled out.

Magnetism is a characteristic electromagnetic property of each element. All elements have areas of predictable low and high electronegativity and thus, commonality. br>
However, relatively few elements have an orientation of moment and dipole in the electrons so profound that the material exhibits magnetism as we normally think of magnetism.

Peter E. Hughes, Ph.D Milford, NH

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