NEWTON:Missouri Climate
Department of Energy Argonne National Laboratory Office of Science NEWTON's Homepage NEWTON's Homepage
NEWTON, Ask A Scientist!
NEWTON Home Page Visit Our Archives Ask A Question How To Ask A Question Question of the Week NEWTON Teachers Our Expert Scientists Volunteer at NEWTON! Referencing NEWTON Frequently Asked Questions About Ask A Scientist About NEWTON Education At Argonne Missouri Climate

Name: Mackenzie
Status: student
Grade: 6-8
Location: MO
Country: USA
Date: Spring 2014

How does latitude and elevation affect Missouri's climate?


Latitude and elevation affect the short term weather, and therefore longer term climate, in just about any location on Earth. It is important to make the distinction between weather and climate because the time scales of the two are very different.

Generally, the greater the elevation and the greater the latitude, the lower the average daily average, minimum, and maximum temperatures will be. In locations where there is snow in the winter, the greater the elevation and the greater the latitude, the more likely that you will receive snow in the winter (such as upper Minnesota or in the Rocky Mountains), as opposed to rain (such as Florida or in low elevation areas along the seashore).

However, Long term climate can vary for the same elevation and latitude in the United States, depending on where in the country that is. In the Central Great Plains the maximum and minimum temperatures for a month or year can be much lower than it is in the valleys of Virginia. That is because the Central Plains are exposed to cold Arctic outbreaks during the winter, whereas Virginia rarely is (this past winter being an exception to that rule). So weather patterns averaged over a long period also determine the climate of a location to a great degree.

David R. Cook Meteorologist / Team Lead Atmospheric and Climate Research Program Environmental Science Division

Click here to return to the Weather Archives

NEWTON is an electronic community for Science, Math, and Computer Science K-12 Educators, sponsored and operated by Argonne National Laboratory's Educational Programs, Andrew Skipor, Ph.D., Head of Educational Programs.

For assistance with NEWTON contact a System Operator (, or at Argonne's Educational Programs

Educational Programs
Building 223
9700 S. Cass Ave.
Argonne, Illinois
60439-4845, USA
Update: November 2011
Weclome To Newton

Argonne National Laboratory