Sea Level to Station Pressure
Date: Summer 2014
I am working on a project with a student that requires atmospheric pressure at different elevations. All I can find in historic data bases is 'sea level' readings. How do I convert back to actual pressure, knowing the elevation of the barometer?
Here is a good site:
Here is another good site with Tables and Graphs:
"Absolute" pressure is a pressure reading from 0 pounds per square inch (psi)
"Gauge" pressure is a pressure reading on an instrument at the ambient pressure (14.2 psi at sea level). So a gauge reading of 54.2 psi means the absolute pressure is 54.2 - 14.2 =30.0 psi.
Because the pressure changes due to temperature, gravity changes, density and elevation... you should probably take a barometer and measure the pressure at the elevation you are performing the experiment. Usually scientists record the experiment findings along with the temperature and the barometric pressure. Then they convert the experimental findings to Standard Temperature and Pressure, 273K, 100 kPa(0.987 atm), so that comparisons may be made.
Otherwise, you may estimate: P = 101325(1 - H * 2.25577x10E-5)^5.25588 Where P = pressure in Pa and H is height in m.
As a test, use 10,000 m and you should get 26436Pa
Peter E. Hughes, Ph.D., Milford, NH
There are many calculators of sea level pressure on the Internet. You can work backwards from these to get the pressure at an altitude, based on the sea level pressure.
See the section "Altitude atmospheric pressure variation" at the Wikipedia page http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atmospheric_pressure
for an equation to calculate pressure at an altitude above sea level.
As the page mentions, for low altitudes (below about 1 km) the pressure
decreases almost linearly with altitude 1.2 kPa.
p0 in the equation is the sea level pressure and p is the pressure at
the altitude that you're interested in.
1 kPa =10 mb
David R. Cook
Meteorologist / Team Lead
Atmospheric and Climate Research Program
Environmental Science Division
Argonne National Laboratory
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Update: November 2011